UPSC CSE Syllabus 2024 – IAS Prelims and Mains Syllabus PDF

Post Name :  UPSC CSE Syllabus 2024 – IAS Prelims and Mains Syllabus PDF
Post Date : 25 November , 2023
Post Description :     Syllabus of UPSC is released by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) annually along with the UPSC Notification PDF. The UPSC Syllabus 2024 for the IAS exam is comprehensive and covers various subjects to assess a candidate’s knowledge, aptitude, and analytical abilities. In this article, you will get the detailed UPSC CSE syllabus for every stage and download the UPSC CSE syllabus PDF from the link below. UPSC CSE Exam 2024 consists of three stages:
  • Preliminary Examination- General Studies & CSAT
  • Main Examination- 9 Theory Papers (GS I-IV, Language Papers, Essay & Optional)
  • Interview (Personality Test)

UPSC CSE 2024 Syllabus:

The UPSC Syllabus 2024 covers a wide range of topics Indian History and Culture, Geography, Polity and Governance, Economy, Science and Technology, Environment and Ecology, International Relations and Current Affairs.

With the help of a detailed IAS syllabus, candidates can easily rectify which topics, news articles, information, and current affairs are required to read. It’s crucial to be familiar with the IAS Syllabus if you want to succeed in the upcoming UPSC Civil Services  2024 exam. All of the UPSC IAS Exam toppers have one thing in common, they always follow the Syllabus seriously.

The UPSC 2024 syllabus  varies depending on the different stages. In order to get the right candidates out of lakhs of applicants for the renowned services, they examine many qualities and aspects of the candidate. Read the complete article for a detailed UPSC 2024 Syllabus for the UPSC CSE 2024.

UPSC CSE Prelims 2024 Syllabus:

UPSC IAS Prelims marks the primary phase of the Civil Services Examination. In 2023, over 11 lakh aspirants registered for the UPSC Prelims, a notable increase from the roughly 10 lakh applicants in 2022. Explore the journey and significance of these escalating numbers in the pursuit of becoming esteemed civil servants. Exam Pattern for Prelims consists of two objective-type papers, including:

General Studies Paper I
General Studies Paper II (CSAT – Civil Services Aptitude Test).
As the preliminary exam qualifies applicants for the main examination, it is crucial to understand the UPSC Prelims syllabus. All candidates for the UPSC Exam must first become familiar with the UPSC Exam Pattern and Civil Services Exam Syllabus before continuing their studies.

If candidates want to perform well on the UPSC 2024 exam, one year of preparation is a requirement. If you want to have a structured and efficient preparation phase where you may enhance your notions and clear up any topic-related questions, this almost one-year schedule is essential. Check the UPSC Exam Pattern for the Prelims Exam in the table below:

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2024
Particulars Details
Two Compulsory Papers General Studies Paper-I General Studies Paper-II (CSAT)
Number of Questions Asked in GS Paper-I 100 Questions
Number of Questions Asked in CSAT 80 Questions and is Qualifying in nature
Total Number of Marks GS Paper-I – 200 Marks CSAT – 200 Marks
Negative Marking 1/3 of the total marks allotted to the question will be deducted for every wrong answer
Time Allotted Two hours each; GS Paper-I – 2 Hours (9:30 AM -11:30 AM) CSAT – 2 Hours (2:30 PM – 4:30 PM)

IAS Prelims Syllabus General Studies 1:

General Studies 1 of the UPSC Preliminary syllabus mainly consists of History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Environment and Ecology, Science and Technology, General Science and Current Affairs events. UPSC categorizes the General Studies Prelims Paper 1 Syllabus into the following broad categories:

Unit 01

Current events of national and international importance

Unit 02

History of India and Indian national movement

Unit 03

Indian and world geography
Physical, social, economic geography of India and the world

Unit 04

Indian polity and governance
Constitution, political system, panchayati raj, public policy, rights issues, etc

Unit 05

Economic and social development
Sustainable development, poverty, inclusion, demographics, social sector initiatives, etc

 Unit 06

General issues on environmental ecology, biodiversity, and climate change

Unit 07

General science

IAS Prelims CSAT Syllabus:

General Studies 2 of UPSC Prelims Paper 2  is also known as the CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test) Paper. This paper was first introduced in 2011 as a compulsory qualifying paper for every candidate. This is a part of the UPSC CSE Preliminary examination in order to assess the aptitude, analytical skills, and reasoning ability of the candidate. To qualify for this paper, a minimum of 33% (66 marks) is required for every candidate.

Unit 01


Unit 02

Interpersonal skills including communication skills

Unit 03

Logical reasoning and analytical ability

Unit 04

Decision-making and problem-solving

Unit 05

General mental ability

Unit 06

Basic numeracy
Numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc. – Class X level

Unit 07

Data interpretation
Charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level
Check out the linked article on the UPSC Current Affair 2024 for UPSC!

UPSC CSE Mains 2024 Syllabus

IAS Mains Syllabus consisted of 9 conventional/theoretical papers out of which 2 are qualifying papers of 300 marks each and the remaining 7 papers’ marks are counted for the final merit list. Every paper has its own significance. The UPSC Mains 2024 examination will be held on 20th September 2024 and will be conducted in 5 days by the commission. The UPSC CSE Mains Examination’s objective is to assess the overall intellectual abilities and level of understanding of candidates instead of just testing candidates’ knowledge and memory. The UPSC Mains Syllabus is described below in detail.

Paper UPSC Mains Exam Pattern 2024 Marks
Paper-I Essay (can be written in the medium of the candidate’s choice) 250
Paper-II General Studies – I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society) 250
Paper-III General Studies – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations) 250
Paper-IV General Studies – III (Technology, Economic Development, Bioersity, Security & Disaster Management) 250
Paper-V General Studies – IV (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude) 250
Paper-VI Optional Subject – Paper I 250
Paper-VII Optional Subject – Paper II 250

IAS Mains Syllabus General Studies I:

The main topics of the first General Studies paper are the History, Heritage, Geography, and Culture of the World and Society. The commission has outlined the essential themes of the General Studies I syllabus, which is mentioned below for candidates.

  • Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society:
  • Indian Culture: It covers the salient features of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture from ancient times to modern times.
  • Modern Indian History: It includes the significant events, personalities, and issues from the middle of the 18th century until now.
  • In The Freedom Struggle, Various stages, important contributors, and contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Consolidation and Reorganisation of the country after independence.
  • Events from the 18th century will be included in the history of the world, such as the Industrial Revolution, world wars, redrawing of national borders, colonisation, and decolonization, as well as political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, and others—their manifestations and social effects.
  • Important characteristics of Indian society and India’s diversity.
  • The role of women and the organisation of women, population and related issues, poverty and developmental challenges, urbanisation, associated problems, and solutions.
  • The social effects of globalization in India.
  • Communalism, Regionalism, Secularism, and Social Empowerment.
  • Important physical geography characteristics of the world.
  • Distribution of major natural resources worldwide (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); determinants of where primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries are located globally (including India).
  • Critical geographic features and their location-changes in flora and fauna, as well as in water bodies and ice caps and the impact of such changes. Important geophysical phenomena include earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic activity, cyclones, etc.

IAS Mains Syllabus General Studies II:

  • The Polity, Governance, Constitution, Social Justice, and Interrelations topics are covered in the UPSC Mains Syllabus General Studies II paper. The detailed syllabus is provided to candidates below.
  • Governance, Polity, Constitution, Social Justice and International Relations:
  • The basic structures, features, modifications, major provisions, and historical context of the Indian Constitution.
  • Functions and duties of the Union and the States, problems and difficulties with the federal system, and obstacles with the devolution of authority and resources to local levels.
  • Power separation between multiple organs, conflict resolution procedures, and institutions.
  • Comparing the Indian constitutional design to other countries’ systems
  • Structure, administration, business practices, powers, and privileges of the Parliament and State
  • Legislatures, and challenges resulting from these.
  • Governmental Ministries and Departments; Pressure Group organizations and formal/informal associations; and their purpose in the Polity.
  • Structure, organisation, and operation of the Executive and the Judiciary.
  • The Representation of People’s Act’s key characteristics.
  • Appointment to several constitutional Bodies and their respective duties and responsibilities.
  • Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial agencies; Government interventions for development in many sectors; Problems resulting from the planning and execution of these interventions.
  • The role of NGOs, SHGs, diverse groups and associations, funders, charities, institutional, and other stakeholders in development processes and the development industry.
  • Welfare programs put in place by the federal government and individual states for the population’s most vulnerable groups, as well as the effectiveness of these programs, institutions, laws, and other
  • organizations created to safeguard and improve the lives of these vulnerable groups.
    Issues about the growth and administration of the social sector and services in health, education, and human resources.
  • Hunger and poverty-related issues.
  • Transparency and accountability are crucial components of governance, as are e-governance applications, models, accomplishments, limitations, and possibilities; citizens’ charters, transparency & accountability. And institutional and other measurements.
  • The function of the civil service in a democracy
    India’s relationship with its neighbors.
  • Groupings and agreements at the bilateral, regional, and international levels involving or impacting India and its interests.
  • Effect of developed and developing countries’ policies and politics on India’s interests and the diaspora.
    Important international organizations, agencies, and forums: their makeup and objectives.

    IAS Mains Syllabus General Studies III:

  • The subjects of Science, Technology, Economics, Defense, Disaster Management, and Nature are thoroughly covered in UPSC Mains General Studies III. This paper will raise questions relating to many facets of life and recent developments in all areas of life.
  • Economic Development, Technology, Environment, Bio-diversity, Security and Disaster Management:
  • Indian Economy, including planning, resource mobilization, growth, development, and employment difficulties.
  • Inclusive growth and the problems it raises.
    Budgeting of Government.
  • Major crops, patterns of cropping in various regions of the nation, various types of irrigation and irrigation systems, challenges with storage, transport, and marketing of agricultural products, and related limitations; the use of e-technology by farmers.
  • Concerns about buffer stocks and food security, direct and indirect farm subsidies, and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System goals, operations, and shortcomings; Technology missions; and the economics of animal husbandry.
  • Food processing and related sectors in India: their size and importance, where they are, what is needed upstream and downstream, and supply chain management.
    Indian land reforms.
  • The economic implications of liberalization, changes to industrial policy, and how these affect the expansion of the industrial sector.
  • Infrastructure includes things like ports, roads, airports, and railroads.
  • Models for investments.
  • Science and technology breakthroughs and how they are used and impact daily life.
  • Scientific and technological advances made by Indians, indigenization of technology, and the creation of new technology.
  • Awareness of issues relating to intellectual property rights as well as IT, space, computers, robotics, nanotechnology, and biotechnology.
  • Environmental impact assessment, pollution and degradation of the environment, and conservation.
  • Disasters and disaster management; Relationships between extremism’s growth and dissemination.
  • The contribution of non-state and state actors from outside to the problems with domestic security.
  • Threats to internal security posed by communication networks, the media’s and social media’s role in such threats, the fundamentals of cyber security, and money laundering and its prevention.
  • Security issues and how to manage them in border regions – connections between organized crime and terrorism.
  • The function of various security agencies and organizations.

IAS Mains Syllabus General Studies IV:

This paper contains questions to assess the candidate’s attitude and approach toward matters relating to integrity, probity in public life, and their policy to problem-solving when dealing with various societal challenges and disputes. Questions may use the case study approach to determine these elements and cover area.

Ethics and Human Interaction:

  • The purpose, factors, and outcomes of ethical behavior in people; the dimensions of ethics; and the application of ethics in both personal and professional settings. The importance of family community and educational institutions in instilling values may be seen in the study of human values, which draws lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators.
  • Moral and political attitudes, social influence, and persuasion are all aspects of attitude that include its content, structure, function, and relationship to cognition and behavior.
  • Civil service aptitude and core principles include honesty, objectivity, non-partisanship, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance, and compassion for the weaker groups.
  • Emotional intelligence concepts and their benefits and use in governance and administration.
  • Contributions from moral philosophers and thinkers in India and around the world.
  • Public/Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration: Status and Issues; Ethical Issues in International Relations and Funding; Corporate Governance; Laws, Rules, Regulations, and Conscience as Sources of Ethical Guidance. Accountability and Ethical Governance.
  • Probity in governance includes the idea of public service, the philosophical underpinnings of governance and integrity, information sharing and transparency in government, the right to information, codes of ethics and conduct, citizen’s charters, workplace culture, the effectiveness of service delivery, the use of public resources, and challenges posed by corruption.
  • Case Studies on the concerns above

IAS Syllabus Essay Paper:

Essays Writing on a wide range of topics will be asked of the candidates. They must write concisely and stick to the essay’s topic. They will also be expected to organize their thoughts. An essay is one of those papers where candidates can score better and improve their rank meticulously. The essay paper is divided into two sections, each containing 4 topics. Each essay you write obtains a score of 125, for 250 marks.

Structure of The Language Papers: The language papers are divided into different sections to check candidates’ ideas clearly and correctly in every possible manner.

  • Essay – 100 marks
  • Reading comprehension – 60 marks
  • Precis Writing – 60 marks
  • Translation:
  • English to compulsory language (e.g., Hindi) – 20 marks
  • Compulsory language to English – 20 marks
  • Grammar and basic language usage – 40 marks
Patterns of The Language Papers are:
  • Comprehension of given passages.
  • Precis Writing.
  • Usage and Vocabulary.
  • Short Essays.
  • Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.

After clearing the prelims, candidates can sit in the mains examination. The main General Studies paper consists of four papers. Check the table below for a better understanding of the General Studies paper of mains.




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