GATE Syllabus 2025, Download Subject Wise Syllabus

Post Name : GATE Syllabus 2025, Download Subject Wise Syllabus
Post Date :  23 February , 2024
Post Description :  The Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee will host the GATE 2025 Exam to offer admissions to ME/M. Tech and Ph.D. courses to most reputed institutions of the nation. GATE Score is also used by many PSU for offering Engineer Trainee, Management Trainee and other positions. The conducting authority will notify the GATE Syllabus 2025 on its official portal containing topic-wise syllabus for all the subjects.

GATE Syllabus 2025

The GATE Syllabus 2025 includes three main sections viz. General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, and Core Engineering subjects of applicants from their graduation. The Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee will upload the GATE Syllabus in August 2024 (tentatively) under the detailed notification at It includes all the important topics and subjects on which the questions in the upcoming GATE 2025 could be framed. To get admission to most prestigious institutions in ME/M. Tech/Ph.D. courses, and jobs in Public Sector Undertakings, candidates must have a valid GATE 2025 Score in the respective branch to explore better career opportunities. The topic-wise GATE 2025 Syllabus has been discussed here to gear up the preparation of students to perform well in the examination to be held in 2025.

GATE Exam Syllabus 2025

IIT Roorkee will organize the Graduate Aptitude Test In Engineering in February 2025 for various disciplines. Candidates must be well familiar with the GATE Exam Syllabus 2025 to be aware of the weightage of topics and difficulty level of sections. The question paper will be framed based on a pre-decided syllabus containing a total of 65 questions from General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics and Specific Technical Subjects. Here, is a complete syllabus for GATE 2025 discussed to gear up the preparation of aspirants.

GATE Syllabus 2025 Overview

The GATE syllabus 2025 has been made available here in PDF format for applicants convenience. The GATE syllabus covers all the topics and sub-topics to be asked in the examination. The aspirants are advised to download the GATE 2025 Syllabus PDF to initiate their preparation accordingly. Check a brief insight of GATE 2025 Syllabus from the table provided below:

GATE 2025 Syllabus Overview
Exam NameGATE 2025 Exam
GATE Full FormGraduate Aptitude Test In Engineering
Organizing AuthorityIndian Institute of Technology Roorkee
GATE Syllabus 2025 Release DateAugust 2024
GATE Syllabus 2025 Official Website
Sections in GATE Syllabus 2025
  • General Aptitude
  • Engineering Mathematics
  • Core Engineering Disciplines
Total No. of Papers30
GATE 2025 Exam DateFebruary 2025
GATE 2025 Official

GATE Syllabus 2025 Official Website

The GATE syllabus 2025 official website is, as the Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, is administering the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering for the upcoming academic year 2025. Aspirants can access the subject-wise GATE Syllabus 2025 PDF or previous year’s question papers using their GATE Login 2025 credentials on the official website.

GATE Syllabus 2026

Candidates who are planning to write the GATE 2026 Paper are advised to plan their preparation strategy today and start to execute the same in an effective manner. The GATE 2026 Syllabus will remain same as per the previous years syllabus. So, students must understand the important topics and their weightage with the help of the GATE Syllabus to ace their preparation to secure top score in the GATE Exam 2026. As the availability of GATE Syllabus 2026, we will update the branch-wise links to access the detailed syllabus PDF. Candidates must stay tuned with this webpage and bookmark this site for the latest and quick updates on GATE 2025 & GATE 2026 Tests.

GATE Syllabus 2025 List of Subjects

The GATE Syllabus 2025 PDF will be unveiled in August 2025 for all the engineering branches. The names and codes of the GATE syllabus’s main subjects are listed below for aspirants reference.

GATE Syllabus 2025 Subjects List
Sl. No.Subject NamePaper Code
1Aerospace EngineeringAE
2Agricultural EngineeringAG
3Architecture and PlanningAR
5Civil EngineeringCE
6Chemical EngineeringCH
7Computer Science and Information TechnologyCS
9Electronics and Communication EngineeringEC
10Electrical EngineeringEE
11Ecology and EvolutionEY
12Geology and GeophysicsGG
13Instrumentation EngineeringIN
15Mechanical EngineeringME
16Mining EngineeringMN
17Metallurgical EngineeringMT
18Petroleum EngineeringPE
20Production and Industrial EngineeringPI
21Textile Engineering and Fiber ScienceTF
23Biomedical EngineeringBM
24Engineering SciencesXE
25Life SciencesXL
26Humanities and Social SciencesXH
27Environmental Science and EngineeringES
28Geomatics EngineeringGE
29Naval Architecture and Marine EngineeringNM
30Data Science and Artificial Intelligence (NEW)DA

Will There be Any Changes Made in the GATE 2025 Syllabus?

Generally, the GATE Syllabus remains the same every year, if any changes to be made in the syllabus the authorities inform regarding the same as earlier for the reference of students. There was one change in the GATE 2024 syllabus as IISc, Bangalore introduced a new paper on Data Science and AI Engineering for GATE 2024. However, subjects such as ES (Environmental Science and Engineering) and XH (Humanities and Social Sciences) were added to the GATE syllabus in 2022. Additionally, NM (Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering) and GE (Geomatics Engineering) were added in 2021.

GATE Syllabus 2025 For General Aptitude

The GATE Syllabus 2025 for General Aptitude is common for all papers. It holds a total of 15% weightage in the GATE exam. Therefore, applicants must familiarize themselves with the GATE General Aptitude syllabus. Check out the topic-wise GATE Syllabus 2025 for GA in the table below.

GATE Syllabus 2024 for General Aptitude
Sl. No.Syllabus
1.Verbal Ability
2.Quantitative Aptitude
3.Analytical Aptitude
4.Spatial Aptitude

GATE CSE Syllabus 2025

The GATE CSE Syllabus 2025 (Computer Science Engineering) comprises General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, and Core Subjects from Computer Science Engineering, as outlined below for applicants ease of understanding.

GATE CSE Syllabus 2025
Discrete MathematicsPropositional and first order logic. Sets, relations, functions, partial orders and lattices. Monoids, Groups. Graphs: connectivity, matching, coloring. Combinatorics: counting, recurrence relations, generating functions
Digital LogicBoolean algebra. Combinational and sequential circuits. Minimization. Number representations and computer arithmetic (fixed and floating-point)
Computer Organization and ArchitectureMachine instructions and addressing modes. ALU, ‐path and control unit. Instruction pipelining, pipeline hazards. Memory hierarchy: cache, main memory and secondary storage; I/O interface (interrupt and DMA mode)
Programming and Data StructuresProgramming in C. Recursion. Arrays, stacks, queues, linked lists, trees, binary search trees, binary heaps, graphs
AlgorithmsSearching, sorting, hashing. Asymptotic worst-case time and space complexity. Algorithm design techniques: greedy, dynamic programming and divide‐and‐conquer. Graph traversals, minimum spanning trees, shortest paths
Theory of ComputationRegular expressions and finite automata. Context-free grammars and push-down automata. Regular and contex-free languages, pumping lemma. Turing machines and undecidability.
Compiler DesignLexical analysis, parsing, syntax-directed translation. Runtime environments. Intermediate code generation. Local optimization, Data flow analyses: constant propagation, liveness analysis, common subexpression elimination
Operating SystemSystem calls, processes, threads, inter‐process communication, concurrency and synchronization. Deadlock. CPU and I/O scheduling. Memory management and virtual memory. File systems
DatabasesER‐model. Relational model: relational algebra, tuple calculus, SQL. Integrity constraints, normal forms. File organization, indexing (e.g., B and B+ trees). Transactions and concurrency control
Computer NetworksConcept of layering: OSI and TCP/IP Protocol Stacks; Basics of packet, circuit and virtual circuit-switching; Data link layer: framing, error detection, Medium Access Control, Ethernet bridging; Routing protocols: shortest path, flooding, distance vector and link-state routing; Fragmentation and IP addressing, IPv4, CIDR notation, Basics of IP support protocols (ARP, DHCP, ICMP), Network Address Translation (NAT); Transport layer: flow control and congestion control, UDP, TCP, sockets; Application layer protocols: DNS, SMTP, HTTP, FTP, Email

GATE Mechanical Engineering Syllabus 2025

The GATE Mechanical Engineering Syllabus 2025 is structured into five primary sections, each comprising several sub-topics. These sections include General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, Applied Mechanics and Design, Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, and Materials, Manufacturing, and Industrial Engineering.

GATE Mechanical Syllabus 2025
Applied Mechanics and Design
Engineering MechanicsFree-body diagrams and equilibrium; friction and its applications including rolling friction, belt-pulley, brakes, clutches, screw jack, wedge, vehicles, etc.; trusses and frames; virtual work; kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies in plane motion; impulse and momentum (linear and angular) and energy formulations; Lagrange’s equation
Mechanics of MaterialsStress and strain, elastic constants, Poisson’s ratio; Mohr’s circle for plane stress and plane strain; thin cylinders; shear force and bending moment diagrams; bending and shear stresses; concept of shear centre; deflection of beams; torsion of circular shafts; Euler’s theory of columns; energy methods; thermal stresses; strain gauges and rosettes; testing of materials with universal testing machine; testing of hardness and impact strength
Theory of MachinesDisplacement, velocity and acceleration analysis of plane mechanisms; dynamic analysis of linkages; cams; gears and gear trains; flywheels and governors; balancing of reciprocating and rotating masses; gyroscope
VibrationsFree and forced vibration of single degree of freedom systems, effect of damping; vibration isolation; resonance; critical speeds of shafts
Machine DesignDesign for static and dynamic loading; failure theories; fatigue strength and the SN diagram; principles of the design of machine elements such as bolted, riveted and welded joints; shafts, gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings, brakes and clutches, springs
Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Fluid MechanicsFluid properties; fluid statics, forces on submerged bodies, stability of floating bodies; control-volume analysis of mass, momentum and energy; fluid acceleration; differential equations of continuity and momentum; Bernoulli’s equation; dimensional analysis; viscous flow of incompressible fluids, boundary layer, elementary turbulent flow, flow through pipes, head losses in pipes, bends and fittings; basics of compressible fluid flow
Heat-TransferModes of heat transfer; one-dimensional heat conduction, resistance concept and electrical analogy, heat transfer through fins; unsteady heat conduction, lumped parameter system, Heisler’s charts; thermal boundary layer, dimensionless parameters in free and forced convective heat transfer, heat transfer correlations for flow over flat plates and through pipes, effect of turbulence; heat exchanger performance, LMTD and NTU methods; radiative heat transfer, Stefan-Boltzmann law, Wien’s displacement law, black and grey surfaces, view factors, radiation network analysis
ThermodynamicsThermodynamic systems and processes; properties of pure substances, behavior of ideal and real gases; zeroth and first laws of thermodynamics, calculation of work and heat in various processes; second law of thermodynamics; thermodynamic property charts and tables, availability and irreversibility; thermodynamic relations
ApplicationsPower Engineering: Air and gas compressors; vapour and gas power cycles, concepts of regeneration and reheat. I.C. Engines: Air-standard Otto, Diesel and dual cycles. Refrigeration and air-conditioning: Vapour and gas refrigeration and heat pump cycles; properties of moist air, psychrometric chart, basic psychrometric processes. Turbomachinery: Impulse and reaction principles, velocity diagrams, Pelton-wheel, Francis and Kaplan turbines; steam and gas turbines
Materials, Manufacturing, and Industrial Engineering
Engineering MaterialsStructure and properties of engineering materials, phase diagrams, heat treatment, stress-strain diagrams for engineering materials
Casting, Forming and Joining ProcessesDifferent types of castings, design of patterns, molds and cores; solidification and cooling; riser and gating design. Plastic deformation and yield criteria; fundamentals of hot and cold working processes; load estimation for bulk (forging, rolling, extrusion, drawing) and sheet (shearing, deep drawing, bending) metal forming processes; principles of powder metallurgy. Principles of welding, brazing, soldering and adhesive bonding
Machining and Machine Tool OperationsMechanics of machining; basic machine tools; single and multi-point cutting tools, tool geometry and materials, tool life and wear; economics of machining; principles of non-traditional machining processes; principles of work holding, jigs and fixtures; abrasive machining processes; NC/CNC machines and CNC programming
Metrology and InspectionLimits, fits and tolerances; linear and angular measurements; comparators; interferometry; form and finish measurement; alignment and testing methods; tolerance analysis in manufacturing and assembly; concepts of coordinate-measuring machine (CMM)
Computer Integrated ManufacturingBasic concepts of CAD/CAM and their integration tools; additive manufacturing
Production Planning and ControlForecasting models, aggregate production planning, scheduling, materials requirement planning; lean manufacturing
Inventory ControlDeterministic models; safety stock inventory control systems
Operations ResearchLinear programming, simplex method, transportation, assignment, network flow models, simple queuing models, PERT and CPM

GATE Electrical Syllabus 2025

The GATE Electrical syllabus 2025 is divided into 11 different sections, each encompassing various topics: General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, Electric Circuits, Electromagnetic Fields, Signals and Systems, Electrical Machines, Power Systems, Control Systems, etc., as outlined below.

GATE Electrical Syllabus 2025
Electric Circuits: Network elementsideal voltage and current sources, dependent sources, R, L, C, M elements; Network solution methods: KCL, KVL, Node and Mesh analysis; Network Theorems: Thevenin’s, Norton’s, Superposition and Maximum Power Transfer theorem; Transient response of dc and ac networks, sinusoidal steady-state analysis, resonance, two port networks, balanced three phase circuits, star-delta transformation, complex power and power factor in ac circuits
Electromagnetic FieldsCoulomb’s Law, Electric Field Intensity, Electric Flux Density, Gauss’s Law, Divergence, Electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions, Effect of dielectric medium, Capacitance of simple configurations, Biot‐Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Curl, Faraday’s law, Lorentz force, Inductance, Magnetomotive force, Reluctance, Magnetic circuits, Self and Mutual inductance of simple configurations
Signals and SystemsRepresentation of continuous and discrete-time signals, shifting and scaling properties, linear time-invariant and causal systems, Fourier series representation of continuous and discrete-time periodic signals, sampling theorem, Applications of Fourier Transform for continuous and discrete-time signals, Laplace Transform and Z transform. R.M.S. value, average value calculation for any general periodic waveform
Electrical MachinesSingle-phase transformer: equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, open circuit and short circuit tests, regulation and efficiency; Three-phase transformers: connections, vector groups, parallel operation; Auto-transformer, Electromechanical energy conversion principles; DC machines: separately excited, series and shunt, motoring and generating mode of operation and their characteristics, speed control of dc motors; Three-phase induction machines: principle of operation, types, performance, torque-speed characteristics, no-load and blocked-rotor tests, equivalent circuit, starting and speed control; Operating principle of single-phase induction motors; Synchronous machines: cylindrical and salient pole machines, performance and characteristics, regulation and parallel operation of generators, starting of synchronous motors; Types of losses and efficiency calculations of electric machines
Power SystemsBasic concepts of electrical power generation, ac and dc transmission concepts, Models and performance of transmission lines and cables, Economic Load Dispatch (with and without considering transmission losses), Series and shunt compensation, Electric field distribution and insulators, Distribution systems, Per‐unit quantities, Bus admittance matrix, Gauss-Seidel and Newton-Raphson load flow methods, Voltage and Frequency Control, Power factor correction, Symmetrical components, Symmetrical and unsymmetrical fault analysis, Principles of overcurrent, differential, directional and distance protection; Circuit breakers, System stability concepts, Equal area criterion
Control SystemsMathematical modeling and representation of systems, Feedback principle, transfer function, Block diagrams and signal flow graphs, Transient and Steady‐state analysis of linear time-invariant systems, Stability analysis using Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist criteria, Bode plots, root loci, Lag, Lead and Lead‐Lag compensators; P, PI and PID controllers; State-space model, Solution of state equations of LTI systems
Electrical and Electronic MeasurementsBridges and Potentiometers, Measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor; Instrument transformers, Digital voltmeters and multimeters, Phase, Time and Frequency measurement; Oscilloscopes, Error analysis
Analog and Digital ElectronicsSimple diode circuits: clipping, clamping, rectifiers; Amplifiers: biasing, equivalent circuit and frequency response; oscillators and feedback amplifiers; operational amplifiers: characteristics and applications; single-stage active filters, Active Filters: Sallen Key, Butterwoth, VCOs and timers, combinatorial and sequential logic circuits, multiplexers, demultiplexers, Schmitt triggers, sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters
Power ElectronicsStatic V-I characteristics and firing/gating circuits for Thyristor, MOSFET, IGBT; DC to DC conversion: Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost Converters; Single and three-phase configuration of uncontrolled rectifiers; Voltage and Current commutated Thyristor based converters; Bidirectional ac to dc voltage source converters; Magnitude and Phase of line current harmonics for uncontrolled and thyristor-based converters; Power factor and Distortion Factor of ac to dc converters; Single-phase and three-phase voltage and current source inverters, sinusoidal pulse modulation

GATE IE Syllabus 2025

In addition to General Aptitude and Engineering Mathematics, the GATE Instrumentation Engineering syllabus includes topics such as electricity and magnetism, signals, and systems, among others, as explained below:

GATE Instrumentation Engineering Syllabus 2025
Engineering Mathematics
  • Linear Algebra
  • Calculus
  • Differential Equations
  • Analysis of Complex Variables
  • Probability and Statistics
  • Numerical Methods
Electricity and MagnetismCoulomb’s Law, Electric Field Intensity, Electric Flux Density, Gauss’s Law, Divergence, Electric field and potential due to point, line, plane, and spherical charge distributions, Effect of the dielectric medium, Capacitance of simple configurations, Biot‐Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Curl, Faraday’s law, Lorentz force, Inductance, Magnetomotive force, Reluctance, Magnetic circuits, Self and Mutual inductance of simple configurations.
Electrical Circuits and MachinesVoltage and current sources: independent, dependent, ideal and practical; v-i relationships of resistor, inductor, mutual inductance and capacitor; transient analysis of RLC circuits with dc excitation. Kirchoff’s laws, mesh and nodal analysis, superposition, Thevenin, Norton, maximum power transfer and reciprocity theorems. Peak-, average- and rms values of ac quantities; apparent-, active- and reactive powers; phasor analysis, impedance and admittance; series and parallel resonance, locus diagrams, realization of basic filters with R, L and C elements. transient analysis of RLC circuits with ac excitation. One-port and two-port networks, driving point impedance and admittance, open-, and short circuit parameters. Single-phase transformer: equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, open circuit and short circuit tests, regulation and efficiency; Three-phase induction motors: principle of operation, types, performance, torque-speed characteristics, no-load and blocked rotor tests, equivalent circuit, starting and speed control; Types of losses and efficiency calculations of electric machines
Signals and SystemsPeriodic, aperiodic and impulse signals; Laplace, Fourier and z-transforms; transfer function, frequency response of first and second-order linear time-invariant systems, impulse response of systems; convolution, correlation. Discrete-time system: impulse response, frequency response, pulse transfer function; DFT and FFT; basics of IIR and FIR filters.
Control SystemsFeedback principles, signal flow graphs, transient response, steady-state-errors, Bode plot, phase and gain margins, Routh and Nyquist criteria, root loci, design of lead, lag and lead-lag compensators, state-space representation of systems; time-delay systems; mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic system components, synchro pair, servo and stepper motors, servo valves; on-off, P, PI, PID, cascade, feedforward, and ratio controllers, tuning of PID controllers and sizing of control valves.
Analog ElectronicsCharacteristics and applications of diode, Zener diode, BJT and MOSFET; small-signal analysis of transistor circuits, feedback amplifiers. Characteristics of ideal and practical operational amplifiers; applications: adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator, difference amplifier, instrumentation amplifier, precision rectifier, active filters, oscillators, signal generators, voltage-controlled oscillators and phase-locked loop, sources and effects of noise and interference in electronic circuits.
Digital ElectronicsCombinational logic circuits, minimization of Boolean functions. IC families: TTL and CMOS. Arithmetic circuits, comparators, Schmitt trigger, multi-vibrators, sequential circuits, flipflops, shift registers, timers and counters; sample-and-hold circuit, multiplexer, analog-to-digital (successive approximation, integrating, flash and sigma-delta) and digital-to-analog converters (weighted R, R-2R ladder and current steering logic). Characteristics of ADC and DAC (resolution, quantization, significant bits, conversion/settling time); basics of number systems, Embedded Systems: Microprocessor and microcontroller applications, memory and input-output interfacing; basics of acquisition systems, basics of distributed control systems (DCS) and programmable logic controllers (PLC).
MeasurementsSI units, standards (R,L,C, voltage, current and frequency), systematic and random errors in measurement, expression of uncertainty – accuracy and precision, propagation of errors, linear and weighted regression. Bridges: Wheatstone, Kelvin, Megohm, Maxwell, Anderson, Schering and Wien for measurement of R, L, Cand frequency, Q-meter. Measurement of voltage, current and power in single and three phase circuits; ac and dc current probes; true rms meters, voltage and current scaling, instrument transformers, timer/counter, time, phase and frequency measurements, digital voltmeter, digital multimeter; oscilloscope, shielding and grounding.
Sensors and Industrial InstrumentationResistive-, capacitive-, inductive-, piezoelectric-, Hall effect sensors and associated signal conditioning circuits; transducers for industrial instrumentation: displacement (linear and angular), velocity, acceleration, force, torque, vibration, shock, pressure (including low pressure), flow (variable head, variable area, electromagnetic, ultrasonic, turbine and open channel flow meters) temperature (thermocouple, bolometer, RTD (3/4 wire), thermistor, pyrometer and semiconductor); liquid level, pH, conductivity and viscosity measurement. 4-20 mA two-wire transmitter.
Communication and Optical InstrumentationAmplitude- and frequency modulation and demodulation; Shannon’s sampling theorem, pulse code modulation; frequency and time division multiplexing, amplitude-, phase-, frequency-, quadrature amplitude, pulse shift keying for digital modulation; optical sources and detectors: LED, laser, photo-diode, light-dependent resistor, square-law detectors, and their characteristics; interferometer: applications in metrology; basics of fiber optic sensing. UV-VIS Spectrophotometers, Mass spectrometer.

GATE CE Syllabus 2025

The GATE CE Syllabus 2025 (Civil Engineering) is explained in this section. Applicants preparing for the GATE CE exam must ensure they implement the following topics in their study plan.

GATE CE Syllabus 2025
Structural Engineering
Engineering MechanicsSystem of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Frictions and its applications; Centre of mass; Free Vibrations of undamped SDOF system
Solid MechanicsBending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, Transformation of stress; buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses
Structural AnalysisStatically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis
Construction Materials and ManagementConstruction Materials: Structural Steel – Composition, material properties and behavior; Concrete – Constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term properties. Construction Management: Types of construction projects; Project planning and network analysis – PERT and CPM; Cost estimation
Concrete StructuresWorking stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete beams
Steel StructuresWorking stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam-columns, column bases; Connections – simple and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Concept of plastic analysis -beams and frames
Geotechnical Engineering
Soil MechanicsThree-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil ification system; Permeability – one-dimensional flow, Seepage through soils – two – dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping, capillarity, seepage force; Principle of effective stress and quicksand condition; Compaction of soils; One- dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Shear Strength, Mohr’s circle, effective and total shear strength parameters, Stress-Strain characteristics of clays and sand; Stress paths
Foundation EngineeringSub-surface investigations – Drilling boreholes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes – Finite and infinite slopes, Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq’s theory; Pressure bulbs, Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations – dynamic and static formulae, Axial load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, pile under lateral loading, pile group efficiency, negative skin friction
Water Resources Engineering
Fluid MechanicsProperties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum and energy equations and their applications; Potential flow, Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth; Concept of lift and drag
HydraulicsForces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, hydraulic jump, uniform flow, gradually varied flow and water surface profiles
HydrologyHydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapotranspiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, reservoir capacity, flood estimation and routing, surface runoff models, groundwater hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s Law
IrrigationTypes of irrigation systems and methods; Crop water requirements – Duty, delta, evapotranspiration; Gravity Dams and Spillways; Lined and unlined canals, Design of weirs on permeable foundation; cross drainage structures
Environmental Engineering
Water and Waste Water Quality and TreatmentBasics of water quality standards – Physical, chemical and biological parameters; Water quality index; Unit processes and operations; Water requirement; Water distribution system; Drinking water treatment; Sewerage system design, quantity of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Effluent discharge standards; Sludge disposal; Reuse of treated sewage for different applications
Air PollutionTypes of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution control, air quality standards, Air quality Index and limits
Municipal Solid WastesCharacteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal)
Transportation Engineering
Transportation InfrastructureGeometric design of highways – cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments. Geometric design of railway Track – Speed and Cant. Concept of airport runway length, calculations and corrections; taxiway and exit taxiway design
Highway PavementsHighway materials – desirable properties and tests; Desirable properties of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible and rigid pavement using IRC codes
Traffic EngineeringTraffic studies on flow and speed, peak hour factor, accident study, statistical analysis of traffic ; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Traffic signs; Signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections; Highway capacity
Geomatics Engineering
Geomatics EngineeringPrinciples of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps – scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing – Scale, flying ; Basics of remote sensing and GIS

GATE ECE Syllabus 2025

The GATE ECE Syllabus 2025 (Electronics and Communication Engineering) is structured into eight sections: Engineering Mathematics, Networks, Signals, and Systems, Electronic Devices, Analog Circuits, Digital Circuits, Control Systems, Communications, and Electromagnetics.

GATE ECE Syllabus 2025
Sl. No.SectionsTopic-Wise Syllabus
1Engineering Mathematics
  • Linear Algebra
  • Calculus
  • Differential Equations
  • Vector Analysis
2Networks, Signals and SystemsCircuit analysis: Node and mesh analysis, superposition, Thevenin’s theorem, Norton’s theorem, reciprocity. Sinusoidal steady state analysis: phasors, complex power, maximum power transfer. Time and frequency domain analysis of linear circuits: RL, RC and RLC circuits, solution of network equations using Laplace transform, Linear 2-port network parameters, wye-delta transformation Continuous-time signals: Fourier series and Fourier transform, sampling theorem and applications Discrete-time signals: DTFT, DFT, z-transform, discrete-time processing of continuous-time signals. LTI systems: definition and properties, causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeroes, frequency response, group delay, phase delay
3Electronic Devices
  • Energy bands in intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, equilibrium carrier concentration, direct and indirect band-gap semiconductors.
  • Carrier transport: diffusion current, drift current, mobility and resistivity, generation and recombination of carriers, Poisson, and continuity equations. P-N junction, Zener diode, BJT, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, photodiode, and solar cell.
4Analog Circuits
  • Diode circuits: clipping, clamping, and rectifiers.
  • BJT and MOSFET amplifiers: biasing, ac coupling, small-signal analysis, frequency response. Current mirrors and differential amplifiers.
  • Op-amp circuits: Amplifiers, summers, differentiators, integrators, active filters, Schmitt triggers, and oscillators
5Digital Circuits
  • Number representations: binary, integer, and floating-point- numbers.
  • Combinatorial circuits: Boolean algebra, minimization of functions using Boolean identities and Karnaugh map, logic gates, and their static CMOS implementations, arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, and decoders.
  • Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters, shift-registers, finite state machines, propagation delay, setup and hold time, critical path delay.
  • Data converters: sample and hold circuits, ADCs, and DACs.
  • Semiconductor memories: ROM, SRAM, DRAM.
  • Computer organization: Machine instructions and addressing modes, ALU, -path, control unit, instruction pipelining
6Control SystemsBasic control system components; Feedback principle; Transfer function; Block diagram representation; Signal flow graph; Transient and steady-state analysis of LTI systems; Frequency response; Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist stability criteria; Bode and root-locus plots; Lag, lead and lag-lead compensation; State variable model and solution of state equation of LTI systems.
  • Random processes: autocorrelation and power spectral density, properties of white noise, filtering of random signals through LTI systems.
  • Analog communications: amplitude modulation and demodulation, angle modulation and demodulation, spectra of AM and FM, superheterodyne receivers.
  • Information theory: entropy, mutual information, and channel capacity theorem.
  • Digital communications: PCM, DPCM, digital modulation schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK, QAM), band, inter-symbol interference, MAP, ML detection, matched filter receiver, SNR, and BER.
  • Fundamentals of error correction, Hamming codes, CRC.
  • Maxwell’s equations: differential and integral forms and their interpretation, boundary conditions, wave equation, Poynting vector.
  • Plane waves and properties: reflection and refraction, polarization, phase and group velocity, propagation through various media, skin depth.
  • Transmission lines: equations, characteristic impedance, impedance matching, impedance transformation, S-parameters, Smith chart.
  • Rectangular and circular waveguides, light propagation in optical fibers, dipole and monopole antennas, linear antenna arrays.

GATE Syllabus 2025 PDF (Subject Wise)

The GATE syllabus 2025 PDF has been made available at Applicants can download the subject wise GATE Syllabus 2025 PDF from the direct links provided below in the table:

GATE 2025 Syllabus PDF
Sl. No.GATE Paper Wise Syllabus
1.GATE Syllabus for Aerospace Engineering
2GATE Syllabus for Agricultural Engineering
3GATE Syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering
4GATE Syllabus for Mathematics
5GATE Syllabus for Mechanical Engineering
6GATE Syllabus for Mining Engineering
7GATE Syllabus for Biomedical Engineering
8GATE Syllabus for Biotechnology Engineering
9GATE Syllabus for Metallurgical Engineering
10GATE Syllabus for Civil Engineering
11GATE Syllabus for Chemical Engineering
12GATE Syllabus for Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering
13GATE Syllabus for Architecture and Planning
14GATE Syllabus for Petroleum Engineering
15GATE Syllabus for Computer Science and Information Technology
16GATE Syllabus for Chemistry
17GATE Syllabus for Production and Industrial Engineering
18GATE Syllabus for Electronics and Communication Engineering
19GATE Syllabus for Statistics
20GATE Syllabus for Electrical Engineering
21GATE Syllabus for Textile Engineering and Fibre Science
22GATE Syllabus for Environmental Science & Engineering
23GATE Syllabus for Engineering Sciences
24GATE Syllabus for Ecology and Evolution
25GATE Syllabus for Humanities & Social Sciences
26GATE Syllabus for Life Sciences
27GATE Syllabus for Geomatics Engineering
28GATE Syllabus for Geology and Geophysics
29GATE Syllabus for Physics
30GATE Syllabus for Data Science & Artificial Intelligence (New)

GATE Exam Pattern 2025

The GATE Exam Pattern 2025 will be made available by the IIT Roorkee on its official portal The exam pattern includes the important information such as the mode of examination, the number of questions, the sections in the paper, the marking scheme, and other details. It is crucial for candidates to be familiar with the GATE syllabus for 2025 as well as the exam pattern. A detailed GATE Exam Pattern 2025 has been tabulated below for the better understanding of aspirants:

GATE Exam Pattern 2025
Examination ModeComputer Based Test (Online)
Duration3 Hours
Number of Papers in GATE 202530 Papers
  • General Aptitude (GA)
  • Candidate Selected Subject
Type of Questions
  • Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
  • Multiple Select Questions (MSQs)
  • Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions
Design of Questions
  • The questions are designed to test the listed abilities
  • Application
  • Analysis
  • Comprehension
  • Recall
  • Synthesis
Number of Questions65 Questions (including 10 questions from General Aptitude)
Distribution of Questions in all Papers except AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, and XL
  • Engineering Mathematics – 13 Marks
  • Subject Questions – 72 Marks
  • General Aptitude – 15 Marks
Distribution of Questions in AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH, and XL
  • Questions from Subject Concerned – 85 Marks
  • General Aptitude – 15 Marks
Total Marks100 Marks
Marking SchemeEach correct answer in the exam will be awarded either 1 or 2 marks
GATE Negative Marking
  • For 1 mark MCQ, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer;
  • For 2-mark MCQ, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer;
  • No negative marking for MSQs and NATs

GATE 2025 Syllabus Based Preparation Tips

The GATE Syllabus for 2025 is vast; applicants planning to appear in the forthcoming exam must have a robust strategy to cover all the important topics of their respective papers. Check out some of the best GATE Preparation Tips tried and tested by the toppers below.

  • Always start GATE exam preparation by comprehensively understanding its syllabus. This approach aids in identifying important topics and streamlining the extensive GATE syllabus.
  • Examine the GATE 2025 exam pattern to get familiar with the structure of the question paper and the allocated time duration.
  • Applicants are recommended to take GATE 2025 mock tests every day to improve their time management skills.
  • Refer to the best GATE books and additional online courses, as they provide an in-depth understanding of complicated topics.
  • Solve as many of GATE previous year’s question papers as possible. This helps in grasping the approach used in setting up the paper and also aids in identifying the repeated topics on which questions are continuously asked.

Best Books for GATE Preparation

By knowing the most suitable GATE Books for exam preparation, applicants can study and comprehend the GATE syllabus, topics, and chapters thoroughly. We have listed the most recommended books for GATE Exam Preparation designed by Physics Wallah here for sure shot success of aspirants in the upcoming GATE 2025 Exam:

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